Scientific Style and Format

Features of Scientific Style and Format, Seventh Edition

Two New Chapters

"Publication Policies and Practices" covers the responsibilities of authors, editors, and peer reviewers related to dealing with ethical issues, including conflict of interest, peer review, data falsification and plagiarism, redundant publication, and authorship disputes. Content is based primarily on the editorial policy statements of the Council of Science Editors.

"The Basics of Copyright" reviews copyright requirements and practices in the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand. This chapter offers useful information for those who may need to deal with this complex issue but do not have recourse to experts. It emphasizes the importance of adhering to copyright requirements in this age of easily copied and transmitted electronic documents.

Updated and Expanded Chapters

"Chemical Formulas and Names" includes structural formulae and recommendations conforming to the guidelines set by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry.

"Taxonomy and Nomenclature" now consolidates nomenclatural recommendations for plants, fungi, algae, lichens, animals, bacteria, and viruses in a single chapter. This organization emphasizes both aspects of nomenclature that are consistent from one type of organism to another and differences among the various nomenclatural codes. Chapter content reflects the most current revisions to the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature, the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature, and the International Code of Virological Nomenclature.

"Genes, Chromosomes, and Related Molecules" now summarizes all published genetic nomenclature rules that could be identified and is the first reference to include all these rules. Genetic nomenclature rules are included for viruses, bacteria, yeasts, fungi, protists, plants (cereals, crucifers, legumes, and others), nonhuman animals (fish, avian species, domestic animals, rodents, transgenic animals), and humans.

"The Earth" has new sections on water (covering the physical properties of seawater such as salinity and density, currents, and tides) and air (covering scales of motion, winds, and satellites).

"Astronomical Objects and Time Systems" summarizes the astronomical time systems now in use and incorporates recent changes in accepted practice. Systems described include: International Atomic Time; Coordinated Universal Time; Terrestrial Time; Ephemeris Time or Dynamical Time; and Greenwich Mean Sidereal Time.

"Citations and References" has been expanded to offer comprehensive guidance on all aspects of citing print and electronic resources. Recommendations conform to those set by the National Information Standards Organization (NISO). All examples are taken from the published literature to illustrate how these recommendations should be put into practice. In addition to the name-year and citation-sequence systems of citing references, Scientific Style and Format, Seventh Edition, offers (and uses) a third option: the citation-name system. This system arranges references alphabetically by author name (as in the name-year system) and then by number. References are cited by number in the text.

Enhanced chapters on journals and books provide advice pertinent to electronic and print publication.

Authoritative online resources are provided in chapter reference lists.

Revised Format

The number style, as published in CBE Views 1998; 21(1):14-16 and based on the number style presented in Scientific Style and Format, Sixth Edition, has been revised. The CSE and AMA number styles are now consistent.

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