2014 AAPB Annual Meeting


Keynote Speaker

KEY1: Keynote Address: Stephen Porges, PhD

Thursday, March 20, 2014
5:30 PM to 6:30 PM

The Polyvagal Theory is an innovative theory that identifies the important role that autonomic state plays in mediating social behavior and defense strategies. The theory distinguishes between two vagal circuits: one links the neural regulation of the heart with the muscles of face creating an integrated social engagement system and the other links the vagal regulation of subdiaphragmatic organs with a defense system that promotes immobilization. The theory explains how social behavior is a functional neural exercise that dampens sympathetic and HPA activity to promote health, growth, and restoration. The theory provides a plausible explanation of several features that are compromised during stress and observed in several psychiatric disorders. The theory leads to treatment strategies focused on enhancing regulation of the social vagus to optimize health and social behavior.

 

KEY2: Keynote Address: Ary Goldberger, MD

Friday, March 21, 2014
9:30 AM to 10:30 AM

Contemporary medicine is founded on the concept of homeostasisthe notion that healthy systems are engineered to maintain and restore constancy. This talk revisits the concept of homeostasis from the perspective of complex systems and nonlinear dynamics, including fractal mechanisms. We show that the most adaptive (robust) systems have the highest multiscale complexity and that this ensemble of properties breaks down with advanced aging (frailty) and disease. These new concepts are exemplified using examples from a number of physiologic control systems, including those regulating heart rate fluctuations (variability). Practical applications of complexity theory to diagnostics and therapeutics are explored.

 

PRES: Presidential Lecture: Judson Brewer, MD, PhD

Friday, March 21, 2014
4:45 PM to 5:45 PM

This presentation will discuss behavioral and neural mechanisms of mindfulness training. It will highlight how fMRI neurofeedback can be used to delineate and confirm neural correlates of behavior and cognitive states, which can be of use in basic cognitive neuroscience. It will also describe how source-estimated EEG neurofeedback can be used for assessing cognitive states such as mindfulness neuroscientifically and augmenting them clinically.

KEY4: Keynote Address: Constance Dalenberg, PhD

Saturday, March 22, 2014
1:30 PM to 2:30 PM

The most empirically supported treatments in the treatment of PTSD are the exposure therapies, all of which require the patient to approach and even relive the traumatic experience. Not surprisingly, given that avoidance of traumatic reminders is a hallmark of PTSD, dropouts and short-term increases in stress-related responses are common problems faced by clinicians and researchers. Recurrence of symptoms at times of new stressful encounters is also commonly reported. In this workshop, theory and research will be presented on the integration of exposure therapy with two adjunctive treatments designed to increase treatment palatability, decrease dropout, and lower recurrence. The first, HRV biofeedback, increases tolerability of the anxiety created by approaching trauma symptoms. The second, Acceptance Commitment Therapy, helps the individual to accept the residual anxiety without pathologizing these experiences. A session by session treatment approach will be described, together with supporting theory and research and preliminary clinical data on the success of the integrated treatment.

 
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