Seminar 1: Opportunities for Publishers in a World of Institutional Repositories

Seminar Moderators:
Charles Watkinson, Director, ASCSA Publications The American School of Classical Studies at Athens
Madeleine Donachie, Managing Editor, American Journal of Archaeology
Mark Kurtz, Director of Business Development, BioOne

9:00-9:15 Introduction & housekeeping
9:15-10:00 Speaker 1: Chuck Henry
10:00-10:45 Speaker 2: Thornton Staples
10:45-11:00 Break
11:00-11:45 Speaker 3: Amy Friedlander
11:45-12:30 Speaker 4: John Unsworth
12:30-1:00 Discussion
1:00-2:00 Lunch
2:00-2:45 Speaker 5: Kate Wittenberg
2:45-3:30 Speaker 6: Thomas Garnett
3:30-3:45 Break
3:45-4:30 Speaker 7: Thomas Nygren
4:30-5:00 Discussion

Morning Session: 9:00 am - 1:00 pm

1. Digital Repositories: Definition(s) and the Emerging Research Environment
Chuck Henry, President, Council on Library and Information Resources (CLIR)

The concept of digital repositories is amorphous; this presentation elucidates the variety of definitions and expectations of digital repositories in the United States. Two important and distinct formulations of repositories are discussed-institutional datasets and those adhering to disciplinary research-and the implications of these for publishers are explored.

Extrapolating from our experience with digital repositories of the last decade, a new research environment can be envisioned that challenges traditional methods of scholarly communication and requires us to reconsider the exciting prospects of publishing in an era of permeable boundaries and temporal and spatial porosity.

2. How do Digital Repositories Work? Choosing Technology & Structuring Information
Thornton Staples, Director of Community Strategy and Outreach, Fedora Commons, Inc.

Thornton Staples will discuss the process of managing digital information in a repository. Topics covered include maintaining a system of "persistent identifiers"; workflow, discovery, and access; managing and enforcing institutional policies on the creation and use of digital material; and sustaining information for the long term.

The requirements for an "institutional repository," where relatively simple, pre-made packages of digital materials are submitted, will be compared with the requirements for the support of new forms of digital scholarship in a "community repository," where the repository becomes the medium for the creation and use of digital information. How the most popular repository software platforms, DSpace, EPrints, and Fedora, address these issues will be discussed.

3. Data, Institutional Repositories, & the Ecosystem of Communication in Scientific Research
Amy Friedlander, Director of Programs, Council on Library and Information Resources (CLIR)

Debates over the definitions of the "institutional repository" reflect the current ferment in scientific research and communication within and about scientific research. The net effect of the information technologies on communication among scientists has been to widen scientific discourse and to capture informal, otherwise ephemeral exchanges. These developments have largely been healthy for the research enterprise but have resulted in a challenging and heterogeneous information environment.

In this presentation, Dr. Friedlander looks at the tensions among data, archiving, and publication, and the implications for scholarly publications, repository systems, and cyberinfrastructure.

4. Digital Repositories and Publishing in the Humanities, Arts, and Social Sciences: Challenges and Opportunities
John Unsworth, Dean of Graduate School of Library and Information Science, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign

Both the ACLS Commission on Cyber infrastructure for the Humanities and Social Sciences and the Ithaka report, "University Press Publishing in A Digital Age," <> present recommendations and implications that bear on the role of university presses with respect to institutional repositories.

In order to understand accurately what opportunities there are in this area, publishers need a clear notion of what institutional repositories currently are and what they are not, who is and who is not contributing content to them, and how they are and are not being used. Dr. Unsworth will provide some empirical evidence and a few representative case studies of institutional repositories as they exist now and explore some of the challenges and opportunities he sees for the future.

Afternoon Session: 2:00 pm - 5:00 pm

5. Editorial Development and Business Planning for Digital Repository Publications
Kate Wittenberg, Director of the Electronic Publishing Initiative at Columbia (EPIC), Columbia University.

Kate Wittenberg will explore editorial and business models for developing and then sustaining discipline-based digital repositories. She will also discuss effective strategies for identifying potential disciplinary areas, acquiring content for these resources, and the organizational and staffing requirements for successful development and sustainability.

Ms. Wittenberg will share her views of challenges that often arise in this model of editorial development, the need for professional editorial development, models of peer review, the creation of partnerships with outside organizations, and effective business models that are welcomed by both the library and scholarly community.

She will use the case studies of Columbia International Affairs Online (CIAO), a mature, self-supporting resource, and Jazz Studies Online, a new project scheduled for launch in January 2008.

6. The Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL): Sustaining the Ecology of Knowledge
Thomas Garnett, Associate Director for Digital Library and Information Systems, Smithsonian Institution Libraries

The BHL evolved in response to a clear need for a specific global community of information users and producers. Biologists have identified the lack of access to the published literature of biodiversity as one of the principal obstacles to efficient and productive research. The range of applications requiring this content include education, taxonomic study, biodiversity conservation, protected area management, disease control, evolutionary biology, and maintenance of diverse ecosystems services.

Much of this published literature is rare or has limited global distribution and is available in only a few select libraries. Ten major natural history and botanical libraries have joined in a collaborative effort to develop strategies to digitize the literature in an open access manner. The partners have obtained funding and are actively implementing a suite of services and content, i.e., a "repository," that will allow a researcher who has access to the Internet to search for specific information in all of the biodiversity literature and transparently link the documentation to relevant taxonomic, genomic, geographic, or other useful databases.

The BHL as a community-based partnership provides a trusted grouping to negotiate with copyright owners. More importantly, the BHL provides a way to embed publishers' content in the emerging knowledge ecology that is sweeping biology in this century. This "embedding" includes intellectual property agreements, flexible financial and organizational structures, migration planning for the unforeseen, and interoperability as a strategy for sustaining the program.

7. Aluka: The Challenge of Sustainability
Thomas Nygren, Executive Director, Aluka

The speaker describes Aluka, and its ambitious plans for opening up access to online scholarly resources from and about Africa. The potentially transformative potential of digital repositories for developing countries is explored. He describes some of the strategic issues that Aluka and its founder, Ithaka, have been confronted with in developing the repository, including the relationship between Aluka and publishers and the challenges involved in developing a business model that can sustain Aluka. Of particular interest to Aluka are strategies that can harness the network forces represented by the worldwide web to support sustainability over the long run.

Date: 11/12/2007

Time: 9:00 AM to 5:00 PM